With the rapid increase in users of the internet, Cybercrime in Pakistan also increased and NR3C registered more than 15,000 cases in a month only. It is worth mentioning that over the last few years, Pakistani internet users have touched the figure of 83 million. Because, more than 98% of internet users, access the internet through mobile phones, this expansion in internet traffic is caused by the commencement of 3G and 4G services by the major telecom players in the market. In addition to this, easy and vide access to the internet in Pakistan has multiplied social media platforms. Shockingly, cybercrime cases in Pakistan 2019 were much lesser as compared to that in 2020.
Consequently, the surge in internet users led to a rapid increase in cybercrimes. These cyber crimes include mostly harassment, phishing attacks, and identity theft through computers and cell phones. However, we will discuss only a few types of Cybercrime in Pakistan. Doubtlessly, this article will educate our readers and will help them to be more secure and prevent digital world crimes.
1. Financial Cybercrime
As per the e-Commerce Index by Daraz, Daraz witnessed two times increase in active users and three times increase in orders. This increase in users and orders is only because of a 36% increase in internet penetration. Furthermore, more than 32% of customers use digital payment methods and users of e-wallets have increased by 9 times only in one year. Evidently, e-Commerce and digital financial services are on increase in Pakistan. However, this increase brought an increase in financial crimes as well. Shockingly, the cybercrime number for 2020 has remarkably increased than that of 2019. These crimes include card payment fraud, card data theft, and fraudulent calls. In addition to these crimes, spam messages, impersonating financial advisors, and institutions to collect sensitive data, and online frauds.
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2. Grey Trafficking
Grey Trafficking means the use of illegal telephone exchanges for international calls without legal routes. This crime has twofold effects, reducing the telecom revenues and depleting government tax collections and levies. This is because traffickers escape all taxes with the help of illegal routes. Shockingly, the government bears the loss of billions of dollars annually because of this grey trafficking. However, PTA is taking rigorous steps to curtail grey trafficking by blocking illegal mobile numbers. Furthermore, PTA is identifying and raiding locations having grey trafficking exchanges. But grey traffic plague still prevails and the country is bearing the remarkable financial loss.
3. Social Media Cybercrime
Over the last few years, social media platforms use like Facebook, Instagram, Youtube, and Twitter has increased exponentially. As of January 2020, there are more than 38 million Pakistanis on social media platforms. This depicts a total of 8% increase as compared to that of the previous year. So, as per the Digital Rights Foundation (DRF) report, most cybercrimes on social media are hacking, blackmailing, and harassment. Moreover, online harassment is the pivotal cybercrime in Pakistan. Mostly, women face online harassment and 40% of the complaints are registered by the women. However, cybercrime law in Pakistan is yet to evolve as only 14% of women said that they had reached help in online abuse. But it is satisfactory to know that FIA Pakistan is taking stringent steps and initiatives to curb the online harassment in Pakistan.